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cinquefoil meaning heraldry

He commenced hostilities in 1339, and upon his new Great Seal (made in the early part of 1340) we find his arms represented upon shield, surcoat, and housings as: "Quarterly, 1 and 4, azure, semé-de-lis or (for France); 2 and 3, gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or (for England)." It should also be observed that the earliest representations of the heraldic rose depict the intervening spaces between the petals which are noticeable in the wild rose. A Cedar-Tree occurs in the arms of Montefiore ["Argent, a cedar-tree, between two mounts of flowers proper, on a chief azure, a dagger ​erect proper, pommel and hilt or, between two mullets of six points gold"], and a hawthorn-tree in the arms of MacMurrogh-Murphy, Thornton, and in the crest of Kynnersley. In Ireland the Martlett was the bird of perpetual movement. The arms of the Burgh of Montrose afford an example of a single rose as the only charge, although other instances will be met with in the arms of Boscawen, Viscount Falmouth ["Ermine, a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper"], and of Nightingale, Bart. Eve employs the term "seeded," and remarks of it: "This being one of the numerous instances of pedantic, because unnecessary distinction, which showed marks of decadence; for both forms occur at the same period, and adorn the same object, evidently with the same intention." A Maple-Tree figures in the arms of Lord Mount-Stephen ["Or, on a mount vert, a maple-tree proper, in chief two fleurs-de-lis azure"], and in the crest of Lord Strathcona ["On a mount vert, a maple-tree, at the base thereof a beaver gnawing the trunk all proper"]. This charge is not uncommon, though by no means so usual as the leopard's face. Latterly the likelihood of confusion has led to the general use of the term "pine-cone" in such cases, but the ancient description was certainly "pineapple." 492). for Guienne. In the reign of the later Tudor sovereigns the conventionality of earlier heraldic art was slowly beginning to give way to the pure naturalism towards which heraldic art thereafter steadily degenerated, and we find that the rose then begins (both as a Royal badge and elsewhere) to be met with "slipped and leaved" (Fig. CINQUEFOILS: A five-leafed flower signifying hope and joy. head de leo) may have been suggested by the name? A branch, slip, bush, or tree is termed "fructed" when the fruit is shown, though the term is usually disregarded unless "fructed" of a different colour. Crest: on a mount a pineapple (fir-cone) vert"], and in the crest of Parkyns, Bart. Heraldic Tiger: An ancient and fabulous beast with the body of a lion (i.e. In 1540, when the thistle had become recognised as one of the national emblems of the kingdom, the foundation of the Order of the Thistle stereotyped the fact for all future time. (d. 1223) appears a heraldic fleur-de-lis. In heraldry, a charge is any emblem or device occupying the field of an escutcheon. Attention: This category contains media relating to a heraldic figure displayed in the shield. A rose when "slipped" theoretically has only a stalk added, but in practice it will always have at least one leaf added to the slip, and a rose "slipped and leaved" would ​have a leaf on either side. An example of such use of it will be found in the arms of the town of Abergavenny. The arms of Borough, of Chetwynd Park, granted in 1702, are: "Argent, on a mount in base, in base the trunk of an oak-tree sprouting out two branches proper, with the shield of Pallas hanging thereon or, fastened by a belt gules," and the arms of Houldsworth (1868) of Gonaldston, co. Notts, are: "Ermine, the trunk of a tree in bend raguly eradicated at the base proper, between three foxes' heads, two in chief and one in base erased gules.". Holly-leaves occur in the various coats for most people of the name of Irwin and Irvine, as already mentioned. The coat of augmentation carried in the first quarter of his arms by Lord Torphichen is: "Argent, a thistle vert, flowered gules (really a thistle proper), on a chief azure an imperial crown or." Fleurs-de-lis (probably intended as badges only) had figured upon all the Great Seals of Edward III. an acorn "slipped," a slip of oak, and an oak-branch have been laid down by purists, but no such minute detail is officially observed, and it seems better to leave the point to general artistic discretion; the colloquial difference between a slip and a branch being quite a sufficient guide upon the point. Rouge Dragon Pursuivant is a specialist in heraldry at the College of Arms. Holly-bushes ​are also met with, as in the crests of Daubeney and Crackanthorpe, and a rose-bush as in the crest of Inverarity. cinquefoil in British English. CINQUEFOIL- Said to denote joy and plenty. Accustomed as we are to the more ornate form of the cultivated rose of the garden, those who speak of the "conventional" heraldic rose rather seem to overlook that it is an exact reproduction of the wild rose of the hedgerow, which, morever, has a tendency to show itself "displayed" and not in the more profile attitude we are perhaps accustomed to. (D THROUGH F) For a list of symbols and their meanings, without illustrations, visit Meanings: All. Cinquefoil Herb Potentilla species. Primroses occur (as was only to be expected) in the arms of the Earl of Rosebery ["Vert, three primroses within a double tressure flory counterflory or"]. The counter-seal of Louis VIII. The arms of Clifford afford an instance of a Coffee-Tree, and the coat of Chambers has a negro cutting down a Sugar-Cane. CINQUEFOIL GOLD IN HERALDRY. Because of American interest in Heraldry, the New England and Historic and Genealogical Society, of Boston, has organized a committee on heraldry. CLOUD- Symbol of faith and consistency. Fruit—the remaining division of those charges which can be classed as belonging to the vegetable kingdom—must of necessity be but briefly dealt with. If "barbed and seeded ppr" the barbs are green and the seed gold. One cannot leave the fleur-de-lis without referring to one curious development of it, viz. Like the rose, the reason of its assumption as a national badge remains largely a matter of mystery, though it is of nothing like so ancient an origin. Though their appearance is quite different, the function and symbolic meaning of a water-bouget and a bucket are similar in heraldry. The Royal Arms thus remained until 1411, when upon the second Great Seal of Henry IV. The Sylphium-Plant occurs in the arms of General Sir Henry Augustus Smyth, K.C.M.G., which are: Vert, a chevron erminois, charged with a chevron gules, between three Saracens' heads habited in profile couped at the neck proper, and for augmentation a chief argent, thereon a mount vert inscribed with the Greek letters K Y P A gold and issuant therefrom a representation of the plant Silphium proper. Papworth assigns "Argent, an aspen leaf proper" to Aspinal, and "Or, a betony-leaf proper" to Betty. a charge representing a … Roll) ["Argent, three apples slipped gules"] and "Or, a chevron between three apples gules" is the coat of a family named Southbey. The figure held in the hand represents a flower of five petals. Motto: "Vincere est vivere.". The cinquefoil in its ordinary heraldic form also occurs in the arms of Umfraville, Bardolph, Hamilton, and D'Arcy, and sprigs of cinquefoil will be found in the arms of Hill, and in the crest of Kersey. the conjunction of the essentially heraldic fleur-de-lis (within the lozenge-shaped head of the sceptre), and the more natural flower held in the hand, should leave little if any doubt of the intention to represent flowers in the French fleurs-de-lis. cinque•foil. "We are further on told by the old family historians that when Sir Robert Grosvenor lost the day in that ever-memorable controversy with Sir Richard le Scrope, Baron of Bolton, concerning the coat of arms—'Azure, a bend or'—borne by both families, Sir Robert Grosvenor took for his arms one of the garbs of his kinsman, the Earl of Chester. Branches are constantly occurring, but they are usually oak, laurel, palm, or holly. So I think there is some point in my arguments regarding the coat assumed by Sir Robert Grosvenor of Hulme.". Definition of cinquefoil. In the seal of his wife, Queen Constance, we find her represented as holding in either hand a similar object, though in these last cases it is by no means certain that the objects are not attempts to represent the natural flower. Reeds also occur in the crest of Reade, and the crest of Middlemore ["On a wreath of colours, a moorcock amidst grass and reeds proper"] furnishes another example. COCKATRICE- A fantastic creature of heraldry said to symbolize sin. The arms of John Apperley, as given in the Edward III. The arms of Arkwright afford an example of a Cotton-Tree. The pun in the last case is apparent. The earliest appearance of the garb (Fig. The Royal fleurs-de-lis are turned into natural lilies in the grant of arms to Eton College, and in the grant to William Cope, Cofferer to Henry VII., the roses are slipped ["Argent, on a chevron azure, between three roses gules, slipped and leaved vert, as many fleurs-de-lis or. The origin may perhaps make itself apparent when we remember that the earliest form of the name was Cantelowe. "The name Grosvenor does not occur in any of the versions of the Roll of Battle Abbey. Bean-Pods occur in the arms of Rise of Trewardreva, co. Cornwall ["Argent, a chevron gules between three bean-pods vert"], and Papworth mentions in the arms of Messarney an instance of cherries ["Or, a chevron per pale gules and vert between three cherries of the second slipped of the third"]. The Turnip makes an early appearance in armory, and occurs in the coat of Dammant ["Sable, a turnip leaved proper, a chief or, gutté-de-poix"]. b. The term charge can also be used as a verb; for example, if an escutcheon depicts three lions, it is said to be … Crest: out of a fleur-de-lis or, a dragon's head gules"]. Pears occur in the arms of Allcroft, of Stokesay Castle, Perrins, Perry, Perryman, and Pirie. 97 and 98), there are two coats attributed to De Montfort. The Quatrefoil (Fig. Garbs, as they are invariably termed heraldically, are sheaves, and are of very frequent occurrence. The Coffee-Plant also figures in the arms of Yockney: "Azure, a chevron or, between a ship under sail in chief proper, and a sprig of the coffee-plant slipped in base of the second.". From the similarity of the charge to the better-known Beaumont arms, I am inclined to think the lion rampant to be the real De Bellomont coat. 2 : … A signet ​of Louis VII. Simon de Montfort split England into two parties. Philip, however, lent assistance to David II. 489) is of frequent appearance, but, save in exceedingly rare instances, neither the quatrefoil nor the cinquefoil will be met with "slipped." cinquefoil. Mantling azure and argent. In French civic heraldry, the cinquefoil is sometimes used to represent the plant, narcissus, commonly called the cinquefoil. An Olive-Tree is the crest of Tancred, and a Laurel-Tree occurs in the crest of Somers. COCK- The rooster is the emblem of vigilance, virility, and bravery. The Cinquefoil (Fig. Crest: upon a wreath of the colours, a horse caparisoned, passant, proper, on the breast a shield argent, charged with a pineapple proper. in the arms of Lancaster, Maryborough, Wakefield, and Great Torrington. To go to the page(s) where the image is being used, follow the links under the heading File usage at the bottom of the image page. 490) shows it. Although theoretically leaves, the trefoil, quatrefoil, and cinquefoil are a class by themselves, having a recognised heraldic status as exclusively heraldic charges, and the quatrefoil and cinquefoil, in spite of the derivation of their names, are as likely to … It is such an essentially natural development of decoration that it may be accepted as such without any attempt to give it a meaning or any symbolism. As stated on page 117 (vide Figs. 488) is not often met with, but it occurs in the arms of Eyre, King, and Dreyer. ["Per pale ermine and gules, a rose counterchanged"]. Grass is naturally presumed on the mounts vert which are so constantly met with, but more definite instances can be found in the arms of Sykes, Hulley, and Hill. ", https://en.wikisource.org/w/index.php?title=A_Complete_Guide_to_Heraldry/Chapter_18&oldid=6647208, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Attention: This category contains media relating to a heraldic figure displayed in the shield. The crowned trefoil is one of the national badges of Ireland. Here, however, the flower is termed a heliotrope. The origin of the cinquefoil has yet to be accounted for. The addition of 'Gros' would then be subsequent to his fattening on the spoils of the Saxon and cultivating a corporation. without stripes, tufts, pointed ears, tusks and a point at the end of the nose. Leaves are not infrequent in their appearance. We then find the "lily" accepted as having some symbolical reference to France, and it should be remembered that the iris was known by the name of a lily until comparatively modern times. In heraldry, the cinquefoil emblem or potentilla signified strength, power, honor, and loyalty. cinquefoil. The crest of Grimké-Drayton affords an instance of the use of palmetto-trees. Stocks of Trees "couped and eradicated" are by no means uncommon. In the arms of Perring, Bart. To go to the page(s) where the image is being used, follow the links under the heading File usage at the bottom of the image page. Definite rules of distinction between e.g. Planché considers that it was originally derived from the fleur-de-lis, the circular boss which in early representations so often figures as the centre of the fleur-de-lis, being merely decorated with the leopard's face. The cinquefoil was not the coat of Grantmesnil but a quaint little conceit, and is not therefore likely to have been used as a coat of arms by the De Bellomonts, though no doubt they used it as a badge and device, as no doubt did Simon de Montfort. Countless origins have been suggested for it; we have even lately had the height of absurdity urged in a suggested phallic origin, which only rivals in ridiculousness the long since exploded legend that the fleurs-de-lis in the arms of France were a ​corrupted form of an earlier coat, "Azure, three toads or," the reputed coat of arms of Pharamond! The crest recently granted to Sir Thomas Lipton, Bart. A Palm-Tree occurs in the arms of Besant and in the armorials of many other families. The arms of Sweetland, granted in 1808, are: "Argent, on a mount vert, an orange-tree fructed proper, on a chief embattled gules, three roses of the field, barbed and seeded also proper. The Highland broadsword. bears a single fleur-de-lis "florencée" (or flowered), and in his reign the heraldic fleur-de-lis undoubtedly became stereotyped as a symbolical device, for we find that when in the lifetime of Louis VII. In this context, as for all the other subcategories of Category:Heraldic figures, ...in heraldry means ...in shield, and not ...in crest. The name Venour is on the Roll, however, and it is just possible that this Venour was the Grosvenor of our quest. 252). Quatrefoil (Period); cinquefoil (Period) While the term “foil” means literally “leaf, lobe”, the term is used here to denote a class of generic flowers. A water-bouget is a bag made from the skin of a goat or sheep what was used for carrying water on military expeditions. From: A Complete Guide to Heraldry (1909) by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies The American copyright has expired and this image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other countries. Of late a tendency has been noticeable in paintings from Ulster's Office to represent the trefoil in a way more nearly approaching the Irish shamrock, from which it has undoubtedly been derived. It seems, therefore, rather improbable that Sir Gilbert le Grosvenor, who was his nephew's nephew, could actually have fought with him at Hastings, especially when William lived to reign for twenty-one years after, and was not very old when he died. Gules definition: red | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The Lily in its natural form sometimes occurs, though of course it generally figures as the fleur-de-lis, which will presently be considered. of France in 1328, but the decision being against him, he apparently acquiesced, and did homage to Philip of Valois (Philip VI.) The arms granted to Sir Richard Quain were: "Argent, a chevron engrailed azure, in chief two fers-de-moline gules, and issuant from the base a rock covered with daisies proper. By an edict dated 1376, Charles V. reduced the number of fleurs-de-lis in his shield to three: "Pour symboliser la Sainte-Trinite.". shows a Norman-shaped shield semé of fleurs-de-lis of the conventional heraldic pattern. Oak-Leaves occur in the arms of Trelawney ["Argent, a chevron sable, between three oak-leaves slipped proper"]; and hazel-leaves in the arms of Hesilrige or Hazlerigg ["Argent, a chevron sable, between three hazel-leaves vert]. A four-leaved "lucky" shamrock has been introduced into the arms of Sir Robert Hart, Bart. A Hurst of Trees figures both on the shield and in the crest of France-Hayhurst, and in the arms of Lord Lismore ["Argent, in base a mount vert, on the dexter side a hurst of oak-trees, therefrom issuing a wolf passant towards the sinister, all proper"]. "Azure, a chevron between three gourds pendent, slipped or" is a coat attributed to Stukele, but here again there is uncertainty, as the charges are sometimes quoted as pears. Peter Winchester (c. 1672-7) are: "Argent, a vine growing out of the base, leaved and fructed, between two papingoes endorsed feeding upon the clusters all proper." 495), which dimidiated with a rose was one of the badges of Queen Mary, is not infrequently met with. Oranges are but seldom met with in British heraldry, but an instance occurs in the arms of Lord Polwarth, who bears over the Hepburn quarterings an inescutcheon azure, an orange slipped and surmounted by an imperial crown all proper. quotations ▼ (heraldry) A stylized flower or leaf with five lobes. The Pineapple in heraldry is nearly always the fir-cone. The claim of Edward III. Arms of Accrington: Gules, on a fess argent, a shuttle fesswise proper, in base two printing cylinders, issuant therefrom a piece of calico (parsley pattern) also proper, on a chief per pale or and vert, a lion rampant purpure and a stag current or; and for the crest, an oak-branch bent chevronwise, sprouting and leaved proper, fructed or. The vine also appears in the arms of Ruspoli, and the family of Archer-Houblon bear for the latter name: "Argent, on a mount in base, three hop-poles erect with hop-vines all proper. Tulips occur in the arms of Raphael, and the Cornflower or Bluebottle in the arms of Chorley of Chorley, Lancs. The probabilities largely point to its being an ash-tree. cinquefoil (plural cinquefoils) A potentilla (flower). 487), though frequently specifically described as "slipped," is nevertheless always so depicted, and it is not necessary to so describe it. This was an augmentation conferred by King William III., and a very similar augmentation (in the 1st and 4th quarters, azure, three oranges slipped proper within an orle of thistles or) was granted to Livingstone, Viscount Teviot. A hurst of elm-trees very properly is the crest of the family of Elmhurst. The arms of Walkinshaw of that Ilk are: "Argent, a grove of fir-trees proper," and Walkinshaw of Barrowfield and Walkinshaw of London have matriculated more or less similar arms. Fleurs-de-lis, like all other Royal emblems, are frequently to be met with in the arms of towns, e.g. Fleurs-de-lis upon crowns and coronets in France are at least as old as the reign of King Robert (son of Hugh Capet) whose seal represents him crowned in this manner. The vegetable kingdom plays an important role in heraldry. Eagle. Is it not probable that "lions'" faces (i.e. Trees can often be found in all varrieties and in all numbers, though there is little difference between species. When represented as "fructed," the fruit is usually drawn out of all proportion to its relative size. "Argent, three sprigs of balm flowered proper" is stated to be the coat of a family named Balme, and "Argent, three teasels slipped proper" the coat of Bowden, whilst Boden of the Friary bears, "Argent, a chevron sable between three teasels proper, a bordure of the second." It is worth the passing conjecture that what are sometimes termed "Cleves lilies" may be a corrupted form of Clovis lilies. Be it noted it is not on a shield, and though of course this is not proof in any way, it is in accord with my suggestion that it is nothing more than a pimpernel flower adopted as a device or badge to typify his own name and his mother's name, she being Pernelle or Petronilla, the heiress of Grantmesnil. A Poplar Tree occurs in the arms of Gandolfi, but probably the prime curiosity must be the coat of Abank, which Papworth gives as: "Argent, a China-cokar tree vert." HERALDIC BIRDS: Name: Meaning: Image. Its botanical identity remains a mystery. The heraldic Rose until a much later date than its first appearance in armory—it occurs, however, at the earliest period—was always represented in what we now term the "conventional" form, with five displayed petals (Fig. Instances of ​this charge occur as early as the thirteenth century as the arms of the Cantelupe family, and Thomas de Cantelupe having been Bishop of Hereford 1275 to 1282, the arms of that See have since been three leopards' faces jessant-de-lis, the distinction being that in the arms of the See of Hereford the leopards' faces are reversed. Trunks of Trees for some curious reason play a prominent part in heraldry. The fleur-de-lis "florencée," or the "fleur-de-lis flowered," as it is termed in England, is officially considered a distinct charge from the simple fleur-de-lis. Our roses "or" may really find their natural counterpart in the primrose, but the arms of Rochefort ["Quarterly or and azure, four roses counterchanged"] give us the blue rose, the arms of Berendon ["Argent, three roses sable"] give us the black rose, and the coat of Smallshaw ["Argent, a rose vert, between three shakeforks sable"] is the long-desired green rose. Oak-Slips, on the other hand, occur in the arms of Baldwin. Papworth also mentions the arms of Tarsell, viz. ries 1. a. It is the function of this committee to investigate and establish the right of certain American families to bear arms, and it … The cinquefoil is sometimes found pierced. The arms of Haseley of Suffolk are: "Argent, a fess gules, between three hazel-nuts or, stalks and leaves vert." "Argent, three aspen-leaves" is an unauthorised coat used by Espin, and the same coat with varying tinctures is assigned to Cogan. His only status in this country depended solely upon the De Bellomont inheritance, and, conformably with the custom of the period, we are far more likely to find him using arms of De Bellomont or De Beaumont than of Montfort. To a certain extent this is a misnomer, because the so-called "branch" is merely three holly-leaves tied together. In French blazon, the ordinaries are called pièces, and other charges are called meubles. Garbs therefrom became identified with the Earldom of Chester, and subsequently "Azure, three garbs or" became and still remain the territorial or possibly the sovereign coat of that earldom. Under the description of a forest, a number of trees figure in the arms of Forrest. The chief point is that the desire was to represent a flower in allusion to the old legend, without perhaps any very definite certainty of the flower intended to be represented. The arms of the Grocers' Livery Company, granted in 1531-1532, are: "Argent, a chevron gules between nine cloves, three, three and three." ["Argent, on a chevron engrailed sable between three pineapples (fir-cones) pendent vert, as many leopards' faces of the first. ["Out of a ducal coronet or, a pineapple ​proper"], and also in the arms of Pyne ["Gules, a chevron ermine between three pineapples or"] and Parkin-Moore, the fruit is the fir or pine cone. The arms of Bonefeld are: "Azure, a chevron between three quinces or." The Cotton-Plant figures in the arms of the towns of Darwen, Rochdale, and Nelson, and two culms of the papyrus plant occur in the arms of the town of Bury. Amongst the scores of English arms in which the rose figures, it will be found in the original heraldic form in the case of the arms of Southampton (Plate VII. "I merely wish to make a few remarks of my own that seem to have escaped other writers on genealogical matters. heraldry (countable and uncountable, plural heraldries) (uncountable) The profession or art of devising, granting and blazoning coats of arms, tracing genealogies and ruling on questions of protocol or rank. the families of Cholmondeley ["Gules, in chief two helmets in profile argent, and in base a garb vert"] and Kevilioc ["Azure, six garbs, three, two, and one or"]. The real pineapple of the present day does, however, occur, e.g. CORMORANT- This sea bird denotes wisdom and watchfulness. By clicking on the image, it will be enlarged. Sign for fourth son. 490.—From the seal of Robert Fitz-Pernell, Earl of Leicester, d. 1206. "In virtue of their descent from an heiress of the house of Grosvenor, it is only necessary to add the Tauntons of Oxford are Grosvenors, heraldically speaking, and that quartering so many ancient coats through ​the Tanners and the Grosvenors with our brand-new grant is like putting old wine into new bottles. Though sometimes represented of gold, it is nearly always proper. Elsewhere, however, the charges on the shield of this family are termed apples. The period in question was that in which badges were so largely used, and it is not unlikely that, desiring to vie with his brother of England, and fired by the ​example of the broom badge and the rose badge, the Scottish king, remembering the ancient legend, chose the thistle as his own badge. In considering flowers as a charge, a start must naturally be made with the rose, which figures so prominently in the heraldry of England. The difference between these forms really is that the fleur-de-lis is "seeded" when a stalk having seeds at the end issues in the upper interstices. Though the heraldic rose is seldom, if ever, otherwise depicted, it should be described as "barbed vert" and "seeded or" (or "barbed and seeded proper") when the centre seeds and the small intervening green leaves (the calyx) between the petals are represented in their natural colours. "Or, on a mount in base vert, a pear-tree fructed proper" is the coat of arms of Pyrton or Peryton, and the arms granted in 1591 to Dr. Lopus, a physician to Queen Elizabeth, were: "Or, a ​pomegranate-tree eradicated vert, fructed gold, supported by a hart rampant proper, crowned and attired of the first.". ​Wheat and other grain is constantly met with in British armory. "Gules, three poppy bolles on their stalks in fess or" are the arms of Boller. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Saffron-Flowers are a charge upon the arms of Player of Nottingham. 1 : any of a genus (Potentilla) of herbs and shrubs of the rose family usually having 5-lobed leaves and 5-petaled flowers. The cross crosslets, I am confident, are a later addition in many cases, for the original arms of D'Arcy, for example, were simply: "Argent, three cinquefoils gules." The Company of Tobacco-Pipe Makers in London, incorporated in the year 1663, bore: "Argent, on a mount in base vert, three plants of tobacco growing and flowering all proper." "Sable, a thistle (possibly really a teasel) or, between three pheons argent" is the coat of Teesdale, and "Gules, three thistles or" is attributed in Papworth to Hawkey. 'Venour' means hunter, and ​'Gros' means fat. The old legend as to Clovis would naturally identify the flower with him, and it should be noted that the names Clovis, Lois, Loys, and Louis are identical. "It did not seem to occur to these worthies that the Earl of Chester, who was their ancestor's uncle, never bore the garbs in his arms, but a wolf's head. In a fleur-de-lis "florencée," the natural flower of a lily issues instead of the seeded stalk. (of augmentation) on a wreath of the colours, a mount vert inscribed with the aforesaid Greek letters and issuant therefrom the Silphium as in the arms; 2. on a wreath of the colours, an anchor fesswise sable, thereon an ostrich erminois holding in the beak a horse-shoe or. Under the Tudor sovereigns, the heraldic rose often shows a double row of petals, a fact which is doubtless accounted for by the then increasing familiarity with the cultivated variety, and also by the attempt to conjoin the rival emblems of the warring factions of York and Lancaster. It is curious—though possibly in this case it may be only a coincidence—that, on a coin of the Emperor Hadrian, Gaul is typified by a female figure holding in the hand a lily, the legend being, "Restutori Galliæ." "Argent, two bundles of reeds in fess vert," is the coat of Janssen of Wimbledon, Surrey (Bart., extinct), and a bundle of rods occurs in the arms of Evans, and the crest of Harris, though in this latter case it is termed a faggot. In England again, by one of those curious fads by which certain objects were repeated over and over again in the wretched designs granted by the late Sir Albert Woods, Garter, in spite of their unsuitability, tree-trunks fesswise eradicated and sprouting are constantly met with either as the basis of the crest or placed "in front of it" to help in providing the differences and distinctions which he insisted upon in a new grant. This figure formed the arms of the city of Florence. The arms of Lilly, of Stoke Prior, are: "Gules, three lilies slipped argent;" and the arms of J. E. Lilley, Esq., of Harrow, are: "Azure, on a pile between two fleurs-de-lis argent, a lily of the valley eradicated proper. succeeded to the English throne some enterprising individual produced a natural parti-coloured rose which answered to the conjoined heraldic rose of gules and argent. "Gules, a flaming bush on the top of a mount proper, between three lions rampant argent, in the flanks two roses of the last" is the coat of Brander (now Dunbar-Brander) of Pitgavenny.

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